4 giant jars of kimchi

HOW TO MAKE KIMCHI

Date: December 14, 2016

Kimchi is the new darling of condiments- I’ve seen it pop up in vegan and health-conscious restaurants, and there is even a food court chain named after this over 2000-year-old Korean condiment.  It is the national dish of Korea and there are reportedly more than 200 ways of preparing it.  What is all the fuss about kimchi?  Try it once and you’ll get it!

What is Kimchi?

Kimchi is a Korean condiment made by fermenting cabbage (typically Napa) with an assortment of vegetables and seasonings.  Although there are many varieties of kimchi, the most popular version outside of Korea has the key ingredients of napa cabbage, gochugaru (Korean hot pepper) and green onions.  As with sauerkraut, kimchi is lacto-fermented and follows a similar cycle of bacterial growth.  The dominance of the lactobacillus bacteria and salt creates an acidic environment that wards off pathogens and imparts a delicious tang to the dish.   Researchers have actually discovered a new species of lactobacillus inherent to kimchi called lactobacillus kimchii. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11034488

Fermented Food in a clear jar
My first batch of kimchi

The Health Benefits of Kimchi

Not only is kimchi super, insanely delicious, it is also packed with nutrients and probiotics. It is rich in vitamins A, B and C, as well as iron, calcium and selenium.

For those of you who are afraid to eat cabbage, fear not!  The lacto-fermentation process makes the kimchi easier for us to digest, giving us the high fiber benefits without gastrointestinal distress!

How to Include Kimchi in Your Diet

There are endless ways to enjoy kimchi.  In our house, I always include it with my eggs at breakfast.  My husband eats it with ground meat dishes, and both my daughter and I love adding it to soba noodles with peanut sauce.

kimchi-and-soba-noodles-with-peanute-sauce
A delicious and easy dinner of kimchi with soba noodles and peanut sauce
kimchi-and-eggs
Start the day off right with a probiotic breakfast- kimchi, eggs and spinach

Since kimchi is such an essential staple for our family, I always make a mega batch.  The preparation might be time-consuming, but worth the effort!  I adapted the below recipe from the fantastic Korean chef Maangchi’s version of napa cabbage kimchi.  It has never failed me and has gotten rave reviews from my friends and family.  Kathleen, my friend and photographer (Studio Kat Kennedy) of some of the photos on my website is now admittedly hooked after trying my kimchi and sends me frantic emails for more when her supply is running low!

4 giant jars of kimchi
My latest mega batch of kimchi!

HOW TO MAKE NAPA CABBAGE KIMCHI

Fermentation Time: 3 days to 1 week

kimchi-ingredients

INGREDIENTS

  • 6 lbs (2.70 kg) napa cabbage
  • kosher salt, sea salt or any non-iodized salt
  • 2 cups water
  • 2 tbsp rice flour
  • 2 tbsp sugar (brown or sucanet)
  • 2 cups daikon (cut in sticks or grated)
  • 1 cup carrots (cut in sticks or grated)
  • 8 chopped green onions
  • 1 cup chopped garlic shoots
  • 12 diced garlic cloves
  • 1 chopped white onion
  • 2 tbsp diced ginger
  • 1-2 cups korean chili flakes (gochugaru)
  • 1/2 cup fish sauce
  • 1/2 cup dried, salted shrimp
Step 1- Prepare the Cabbage
  1. Remove outer layer leaves. Make a small slit in the base of the core and pull it apart to split the cabbage in half.  Make a second small slit in the core of each half.
washed-and-sliced-napa-cabbage
Halved cabbage heads, small slit in the base of the core on each half

2. Dip each half in filtered water, enough to saturate.  Sprinkle each layer of leaves with kosher salt, applying more salt at the thicker stem end of the leaves.

salted-napa-cabbage
Apply salt to each leaf, applying more salt at the base (stalk) end

3. Let salted cabbage sit for 2 hours, flipping the halves over every half hour.  Be sure to add the salted liquid that has collected at the bottom of the container to the halves after each flip.

4.  After 2 hours, thoroughly wash cabbage and split in half again using the second small slit you made in the core.  Let drain in a colander.

STEP 2- Prepare the Porridge
  1. Bring the 2 cups of water to a boil, whisk in rice flour.   Cook on low heat for 10 minutes, stirring to prevent lumps.  Add sugar and cook for an additional 1 minute.  Remove from heat and let cool to room temperature.
STEP 3- Prepare the Paste
kimchi-prep-prepped-ingredients
Vegetables, fish sauce, dried shrimp and gochugaru

1. Using a food processor, combine the rest of the ingredients (vegetables, pepper flakes, shrimp and fish sauce) and cooled porridge.

kimchi-paste
Look at the beautiful colour of the kimchi paste!

2. Blend until you achieve a paste consistency, small pieces of vegetables are ok and add to the crunchy texture of the finished kimchi.

applying-kimchi-paste-to-cabbage
Apply the paste to each leaf- make sure to wear gloves to avoid red and sore hands!

3. I advise wearing disposable gloves when applying the kimchi paste to avoid red-stained and sore hands!  Apply the paste to each leaf of each cabbage half.  Roll up the half and place it in the fermentation container.  Continue adding the cabbage in this way leaving a 1″ space to the top of the container.  Place lid on container.

packed-kimchi-in-jar
Kimchi cabbage packets rolled and packed into the jar leaving 1″ space from the top

4 Leave containers at room temperature for 3 days to 1 week.  After 1-2 days, you should see bubbles forming as the beneficial lactobacillus get busy starting up the lacto-fermentation process.  Sample after 3 days and store in the refrigerator when you are happy with the taste.

[yumprint-recipe id=’20’]

9 Responses

  1. Korean chefs never use Kosher salt as they believe it interrupts the fermentation process. They only use gray sea salt or other natural sea salt. They say it will still ferment but at a greatly reduced rate. Have you ever heard this?

    1. Hi Tracy- thanks for the info. No, I have never heard this about kosher salt. I tend to mainly use sea salt when I make my ferments and avoid gray sea salt just for esthetics (it can leave a murky residue) and for cost (it can be pricey!) I have used kosher salt as well and had great results. The key is not to use iodized table salt, and aim for a good quality salt that you feel comfortable spending your money on!

  2. Hi Jody, my name is Jody too!! Can you make this without the fish sauce and will it be the same quality. I have fish allergies. THANKS, Jody

    1. Hi Jody! Pleasure to meet another Jody! Thanks for your question- I’m not Vegan, but I do make a Vegan version of kimchi for my Vegan fans. I use red miso in place of the fish sauce and shrimp. Red miso is the strongest-tasting of the misos (red, yellow, white) and helps to replace the umami flavour we get from the fish sauce and shrimp. I have also seen people use soy sauce, dashimi (kelp broth) or other seaweed.

  3. Where do you get garlic shoots? I’ve never noticed them in the veggie shop. Do you grow them yourself? Would garlic chives work?

  4. I can’t wait to get started! Looks a little time consuming. But we’ll worth the taste and health benefits.

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